Classification of the Sciences

The most important resources on the classification of the sciences in Islam, the so called Ṭabaqāt works are:

  • Osman Bakar, Classification of Knowledge in Islam: A Study of Islamic Philosophies of Science, Islamic Texts Society, 1998
  • Osman Bakar, Islam Düşüncesinde Ilimlerin Tasnifi, Insan Yayınları, Felsefe ve Hikmet Dizisi, 2012

 

 

Edition and/or Translations of Primary Sources:

  • al-Fārabī, Ahmet Arslan (çev.), Ilimlerin Sayımı, Divan Kitap, 2004 [Turkish Translation]
  • Ibn al-Akfānī, J.j. Witkam, De egyptische arts Ibn al-Akfani (gest. 749/1348) en zijn indeling van de wetenschappen, Ter Lugt Pers, Leiden, 1989

 

Important Ṭabaqāt authors are:

  • al-Fārābī (d. 850-950 A.D.), wrote Iḥṣā’ al-‘ulūm (Enumeration of the Sciences)
  • Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Khwārizmī (10th c)
  • Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī (1149-1210 A.D.), wrote the Jawāmi’ al-‘ulūm (Collection of the Sciences)
  • Qāḍī Ṣā’ id al-Andalusī, wrote the Ṭabaqāt al-Umam (Categories of Nations)
  • Muḥammad b. Ibrahīm b. al-Akfānī (1283-1348 A.D.), wrote Irshād al-qāṣid ilā asnā al-maqāṣid (Guidance of the One Who Aspires to the Most Shining Goals)
  • Tashkoprūzādeh (d. 968/1560)
  • Hājjī Khalīfah (d. 1067.1657)

 

 

 

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